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General Aspects of the Education Process

Introduction

The academic year consists of autumn and spring semesters of approximately 15 weeks each and summer sessions of varying length. Classes of the autumn semester last from September 15th till December 29th . The examination session of this semester is held from January 5th till January 26th. Classes of the spring semester last from February 16th till May 31st . The examination session of this semester is held from June 3rd till June 24th .

Students of the first year go on holidays from June 24th till September 15th . During this period of time, students of the second and third years have internship depending on their specialization. Students of the fourth year have pre-graduation or pedagogical internship in May, and after that they are released to take the Final State Graduation Exams (FSGE) from June 10th till June 30th.

The summer term is not compulsory for students, but is used to complete courses for program acceleration and to earn extra credits.

During the education process, students are not allowed to be late to classes, be absent from classes without valid excuses. Those students, who have not attended 20% of the classes of a course-concerned, have to suspend their attendance of the classes. During the following semesters, having paid the amount of the credit on that course (subject), a student has to study that subject again. For example: the course of "Civil defense” is taught for 30 hours. A student, who has missed 8 hours (6 hours of lectures + 2 hours of practical activities) in that subject, stops attending that course. 20 % of the class-absences can be done in the form of abstracts.

The students, who could not attend the exams of the winter semester due to valid reasons, can take them between 9th-25th February.

Thus, the students with an academic debt, having paid the fee for that subject, having learned the stipulated study program, have the right to take an exam on that subject.

The students transferred from other universities, in order to eliminate the academic differences in the curriculums, having paid the fee for those subjects, after completing the study program as per the required academic hours, are allowed to take the exams.

A diploma with honors is given to those students, who received excellent marks in over 75% of exams to be taken over the education period (on the condition that they have good marks on the remaining 25% of exam results).

Specific objectives have been set before the public and private educational institutions operating in Azerbaijan, which have joined the Bologna education system. The most important of them is the shifting of the education to a credit system, the essence of which consists of the following:

A student, who has entered the university on any given specialty, wishes to get a diploma upon completion of his studies, must take exams on specified subjects. The subjects which are to be taught over the study years are divided into credits, according to the teaching hours, and unlike from the previous system, the student chooses the would-be taught subjects according to his wish, in a sequence stipulated in the curriculum. It means that during a semester, each student can choose 4-7 subjects, and here the sequence of teaching these subjects must be strictly complied with. For example, without getting a positive mark on the "Marketing” subject, the subject of "International Marketing” cannot be taught.

Each subject has a relevant value corresponding to its credit number. An examination is set once the learning of the course is completed. A student, who failed to pass an examination successfully, studies that particular subject again during the following semester, and retakes the exam. In this manner, a student, who has collected the required number of credits, receives an appropriate diploma of a bachelor’s or master’s degree.

One of the advantages of the credit system is that the credits collected by a student over the period of his studies at one of the universities of a country, which has joined the Bologna system, those credits remain valid in other countries, too.

The students majoring in these specialties have to study the subjects stipulated in the curriculum and collect the required number of credits. The credit hours mainly reflect the subject load (every 15 hours equals 1 credit).

At Odlar Yurdu University, to get a bachelor’s degree, it is required to collect a maximum of 30 credits each semester, 60 credits a year, and 200-240 credits in total.

In addition to the autumn and spring semesters, students can collect additional (extra) credits by attending the summer semesters (total of 6 weeks).

The knowledge evaluation system at OYU

A 100-point evaluation system is applied at Odlar Yurdu University. During a semester, 3 mid-term exams are held on each subject every 5 weeks.

Mid-terms are conducted in writing by the teacher who teaches the subject. A student can collect a maximum of 10 points from a mid-term exam.

In addition, for his regular attendance of classes during a semester, a student can get 5 points, and additional 5 points he can gain for his personal conduct. Thus, prior to the examination, a student can collect a maximum of 40 points.

Semester exams at OYU are held in the form of computer-based tests in specially designed, computerized rooms connected to the local network.

Each exam card contains 20 questions. Each correct answer is worth 3 points; only special invigilators, formed of technical workers, remain in the examination room. A student is allowed to enter the exam room with his record-book and ID card. The time allocated to an exam is 120 minutes.

   The evaluation scores are as follows:

        -less than 51 points         - "failure”  -  F

        -51-60 points                  - "satisfactory” -  E

       -61-70                           - "fair” - D

       -71-80                           - "good”          - C

       -81-90                           - "very good”  - B

        -91-100                          - "excellent”  - A